Italian Cloister Garden Memorial - Cathedral of St. Andrew

Italian Cloister Garden at Cathedral of St. Andrew, 3D parallel photo

Sunday 2017_05_07
Glasgow, Scotland

The Italian Cloister Garden at St. Andrew's Cathedral, Glasgow, Scotland, has a stunning mirrored memorial sculpture, fountain, and two-hundred-year old olive tree (from Tuscany) commemorating the loss of about 800 British-Italian World War II internees. They died in the sinking of the cruise ship Arandora Star torpedoed by the Nazis in 1940 off the coast of Ireland, while on their way to Canada. Each mirrored steel slab, like a gravestone, has gospel quotes on one side and classic Italian poetry on the other.

3D parallel photos


Memorial Information - Italian Cloister Garden

News article about a historical fiction book describing the tradgedy -

Cathedral renovation news -

Clanadonia - Scottish Tribal Drum and Pipes Band

Saturday 2017_05_07
Glasgow, Scotland

Enjoyed a street performance by Clanadonia, a Scottish Tribal Drum and Pipes band.

Sunday 2017_05_07

Next day by chance we encountered Clanadonia musicians having breakfast, so I offered to capture a photo in 3D for them.

Graffiti Artist Fuse in Glasgow

Graffiti Street Painting  by Artist Fuse

Sunday 2017_05_07
Glasgow, Scotland

Walking around downtown Glasgow, on a beautiful sunny day in May, we came across this graffiti street painting. At first I thought it was a Banksy, but later realized it's by the artist Fuse. The painting is located near 48 Miller Street across from the Tobacco Merchant's House (national landmark) at 42 Miller St.

3D parallel photo of Graffiti Street Painting  by Artist Fuse

Here is the painting location photo in 3D stereo. This was my Henri Cartier-Bresson decisive moment 😵 


For more information about the artist Fuse in Glasgow see this article:

You can see a Google street view showing the blank wall on the right of the photo here:,-4.250973,3a,60y,215.71h,99.75t/data=!3m6!1e1!3m4!1smI86oEl35_eCmsEhVLQ22w!2e0!7i13312!8i6656

This Photo Makes Sense in 3D

Today I captured this photo of tree bark with my phone camera. It's a peeling American Sycamore tree. Looking at this 2D photo may be puzzling. The question is you don't know for sure if the center section is where the bark had already peeled away or not. Looking at the tree straight on with one eye closed does not answer the question. You could circle the tree with one eye closed but that's not an option.

In this parallel (side by side) 3D photo you can clearly see that the peeling bark has not dropped off the tree yet. It is about 35 cm long (14 inches). 

In this second 3D photo you can see where the bark peel away revealing green bark underneath. The bark peel is curved.

More information about Sycamores can be found at

I shot the 3D photos using the cha-cha method captured with the Open Camera Remote app on a Samsung S7 phone. The camera app was launched from my 3D/VR Stereo Photo Viewer app. I had to wait for a windless early evening to use the cha-cha technique.

Next I aligned the left and right photos I captured with Stereo Photo Maker software. For the most comfortable stereo effect I placed the peeling bark just behind the stereo viewing window (phone display screen). Then I copied the aligned photos back to my phone for viewing with the 3D/VR Stereo Photo Viewer. 

Here I post the largest resolution photo size from the camera with cropping, so you can zoom in to see the bark in great detail. In 3D it's very realistic. Sometimes I think 2D photos are boring.

Lake Worth Street Painting Festival 2017

Street Painting Artist
A large group of street painting artists, working with ephemeral chalk, gathered in Lake Worth, Florida, February 25-26, to draw their paintings on the pavement during the Lake Worth Street Painting Festival. We went mid-day Sunday and many works were not yet finished. It was an amazing show of street art stretching for blocks and blocks of Lake Worth. My goal as a 3D photographer was mainly to show the artists at work, the spectators, but not always the completed painting.

I especially like photo above because the sun highlighted the partially finished work, while showing the artist's work-in-progress and inspiration source material in contrast. It may look flat in 2D, but I think it looks good in 3D because the depth perception further defines and contrasts the artist, chalk materials, drawing method, shading umbrella, and art work.

To capture these photos, I used twin Samsung NX500 cameras with Samsung 16 mm prime lenses and circular polarized filters (24 mm equivalent to 35 mm full frame cameras). Several people asked me about the camera rig. It uses a wired shutter release and each camera was set to F8, 1/160 with variable auto ISO.

More Work-in-Progress.....

Tracy Lee Stum
Tracy Lee Stum, from California, autographed her book "The Art of Chalk" for me. She painted the 3D anamorphic chalk art of the ironworkers on the beam above.

An example of 3D anamorphic Chalk Art by Rod Tryon, Street Painter 

I wonder if the above 3D photo of 3D anamorphic art looks more realistic when viewed stereoscopic? With Stereo Photo Maker I adjusted the stereo window to center on the spider's head (middle ground with zero parallax). This helped make the spider's web appear over the opening.

Street performance artist Randy Orwig at work.

More 3D photos from the festival are here:

On your Android phone copy this link above into the clipboard and view 3D photos with my 3D/VR Stereo Photo Viewer app in your Google Cardboard VR headset.


3D/VR HG Inspired Fashion Shoot Photos

Last Sunday I attended a photography workshop with a Hunger Games inspired fashion theme sponsored by the South Jersey Photography Co-Op in Oaklyn, NJ. Thanks to Elysian Models (Samantha, Cassie, Kenzie, Angie, and Molly),  the event organizers Bill and Scott, hairstylist Cyndi Griffiths, and make-up-artist Chelsea Banks who created the looks.

I used twin Samsung NX500 cameras to capture 3D stereo photos, like the one above. The NX500 cameras used pairs of Nikon 1.8 50 mm and Nikon 2.8 24 mm lenses with adapters that required manual focus. When I got the focus right the resulting photos were very sharp. Wireless triggered strobes or constant light fixtures provided the lighting. The left and right images were aligned and edited with Stereo Photo Maker software.

I placed my best photos into a Google Android app for viewing with a Cardboard Google VR headset. You can download the free app from the Google play store at:

The app is about 100 MB in size, the largest allowed without extension data. The app is this large because the photos are 4K+ high resolution.

The app features a Zoom mode which allows you to tilt or roll your VR headset viewer clockwise to zoom in (magnify image) and counter-clockwise to zoom out (shrink image). Pressing the phone volume up key toggles between variable zoom or fixed zoom mode setting. Toggle the volume up key to save the zoom level and continue viewing photos at your preferred fixed magnification level for all photos. You can also use Bluetooth key controllers and mouse wheel to change the zoom level.

You can re-position the photo viewing window to an area of interest by moving your headset up/down or left/right. I call this technique "swivel viewing", since sitting in a swivel chair works well. This fashion photo app is limited to swivel viewing. 

For my 3D/VR Stereo Photo Viewer app, I named my original headset viewing motion technique "couch viewing" because you could lay on a couch and still re-position and zoom the viewing window without a lot of movement. Both of these viewing mode techniques are available in my 3D/VR Stereo Photo Viewer app found at

Plus this app also has new 360 3D panoramic viewing modes with three types of 3D 360 photo projections available: Equirectangular, Mercator, and Cylindrical.

Here are the other photos you will find in the 3D/VR fashion app, but presented here at a lower resolution:

Free Viewing 3D Stereo Photos

Updated 2017-07-08: add link to youtube video on Magic Eye free-viewing technique and book on learning to see in 3D (Susan Barry).

When you view 3D stereo photos (parallel, side-by-side, MPO formats) on your phone with my Google Play Store Android 3D/VR stereo photo viewer app, you would normally use a stereoscope or Cardboard viewer. 

You don't need a stereoscope or Cardboard viewer after all, instead you can use the "free viewing" technique. 

My Samsung Galaxy S6 phone has a horizontal display width that approximates the width of my glasses. Because my phone display width is about 4.5 inches, and the center to center distance between the left and right eye images on the phone nearly matches the distance between my eyes, I can free view 3D parallel side-by-side photos and actually see them in stereo. 

Maybe this works for me because I'm near sighted. With my glasses off I place the phone very close to my eyes, relax my eye focus beyond the phone, and then very slowly back away the phone, until the photo comes in focus and I see a 3D image. This is the same technique used to view stereograms, as found in the "Magic Eye" book series, which are multiple volumes of 3D illusions. Stereo photos are easier to free view than stereograms in my opinion.

When I use the 3D/VR stereo photo app, in VR mode, while free viewing, I can zoom into the photo and pan left and right to see other areas of the image close up. In the Settings menu I turn off Lens Distortion Correction because I'm not using Cardboard VR lenses. This option makes the photo distortion free in VR mode.

I sometimes also use a Bluetooth connected mouse to move the photo around and zoom into the photo. The TeckNet BM307 Wireless Mouse works great. When I use the mouse I don't have to tilt the phone to zoom in. Tilting the phone makes it harder for me to maintain my 3D vision when free viewing. Also the app Settings allow you to turn off the head movement option, but still use a mouse or other Bluetooth controller to move the photo and zoom in.

Another improvement on free viewing I found is to wear a pair of reading glasses bought from a pharmacy/drug store. With the reading glasses I can get closer to the phone and see a bigger image. I use +3.75 magnification to see a photo in focus less than 5 inches from the phone screen. If you are far-sighted you will probably need reading glasses to view the phone at a close distance.

And iPhone owners, you can use the free view technique with side-by-side photos too. You don't need a viewer app, although an app helps if you want to zoom into a photo. Expanding a photo with your finger to magnify a photo will not show the photo correctly in 3D stereo.

If you want to learn more about how to free view check out this link
Or do a Google search for "how to free view (3D) images".

An excellent video explaining Stereograms, Magic Eye, and free viewing is on Youtube:
Magic Eye: The optical illusion, explained

Of course DO NOT free view or use a viewing app and stereoscope combination, if this gives you eye strain or eye discomfort.

As people get older some may loose their ability to see in 3D and have poor depth perception, making driving difficult. This is because the brain controls stereoscopic vision not the eyes. I wonder if stereoscopic vision is a learned experience from birth and whether it can be relearned when it diminishes or the ability was lost or never learned. 

Since posting this blog I read a book by Susan Barry, "Fixing My Gaze" in which she explains how she learned to see in 3D stereo after middle age.